California: New Independent Contractor Test for Domestic Caregivers


All Employers with CA Independent Contractors Who Are Domestic Caregivers


January 11, 2019


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In Duffey v. Tender Heart Home Care Agency, LLC, the California Court of Appeal recently applied yet another independent contractor test to domestic caregivers who are subject to the Domestic Worker Bill of Rights (DWBR). Specifically, the DWBR states that an employment relationship exists under two possible scenarios. First, employment occurs “when the hiring entity exercises control over the wages, hours, or working conditions of a domestic worker.” The court noted that an employer need only have control over one of these characteristics, not all three. Second, employment is also defined “when a common law employment relationship has been formed.” This is analyzed using the Borello test.

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